“The city is also very diverse, with 42% of the population being from an ethnic minority background, reflecting the city’s rich and varied cultural heritage. Birmingham is a “super-diverse” city. Academic research suggests that there are people from nearly 200 countries who have made Birmingham their home . The 2011 Census revealed that 42.1% classified themselves within an ethnic group other than white British, compared to 30% in 2001, a rise of 12%. Birmingham is soon to become a majority minority city. The demographic makeup of Birmingham’s young people has also changed significantly over recent years and is becoming increasingly diverse. For example, according to the 2011 census over 60% of the under 18 population is now from a non-white British background, compared to around 44% in 2001. Ethnic diversity can bring many benefits such as transnational trading links and high levels of cultural resource. Birmingham has benefited from its diverse migrant communities who have settled in the city and successfully contributed to its economic vitality, becoming leaders in education, medicine, sports, arts and business and providing employment opportunities to local people. Our demographic landscape is increasingly becoming ethnically and socially ‘super diverse’, which means a greater understanding of the changes in cultural norms, identities and social shifts in how we live work and learn is needed. Community cohesion is an approach that enables us to respond to the wide ranging and kaleidoscope of identities, rather than simply focussing on a white majority and small number of ethnic minority identities.”
The above is a short extract from the Draft Community Cohesion Strategy of May 2018 . Don’t waste time reading it as you have heard it all before. In a statement by Birmingham City Council on community cohesion you will find the following –
- no promotion or unwitting support is given to individuals or groups that promote and propagate messages of hate and intolerance
- ensure appropriate linkage to the Prevent programme where appropriate
- ensure all schools and educational settings promote our shared British values
- challenge illegal and harmful cultural attitudes and practices towards women such as Female Genital Mutilation, Forced Marriage and Honour-Based Violence
- actively promote opportunities for cross-community interactions in order to strengthen relationships and common bonds between communities of different backgrounds and isolate extreme voices
- encourage communities to report incidents of hate crime including anti-Semitism, Islamophobia or homophobic behaviour.
All you need to know here is that Birmingham has one of the highest rates of FGM in the UK so that will tell you what they mean by ‘challenging’ the issue.